1. Why is forefoot strike important for runners?

(Forefoot strike means landing on outer side of the ball)

Why consider foot strike for running?

by Daniel Lieberman et al.


Good running technique

World renowned running coach, Lee Saxby discusses running technique with Professor Daniel E. Lieberman, Professor of Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University.


Heel strike V.S. Forefoot strike

Learn the skill of running with VIVOBAREFOOT
Barefoot running expert Lee Saxby takes you through the step by step guide to running skilfully, naturally and as nature intended: barefoot.


2. Professional marathoner's foot strike patterns.

Check out  Haile Gebrselassie's forefoot strike with barefoot.  Slight heel contact at the last moment of the landing is essential to prevent achilles tendon injury

From Youtube

Slow motion of natural running (Haile Gebrselassie)

Check outPatrick Makau's forefoot strike slow motion From Youtube (Dubbed in Korean)

3. Importance of natural foot stability & selecting good running shoe,  We have our own motion control function!

Origin of Natural Foot Care with Dr. Ray McClanahan
Hear the story behind Natural Foot Care as developed by Dr. Ray McClanahan, inventor of Correct Toes. Learn the insidious features of footwear that undermine Natural Foot Health and deform your natural structure and support.

4. Recommended running drills


5. Interesting videos regarding barefoot style running

Christopher McDougall: Are we born to run?

http://www.ted.com Christopher McDougall explores the mysteries of the human desire to run. How did running help early humans survive -- and what urges from our ancient ancestors spur us on today? At TEDxPennQuarter, McDougall tells the story of the marathoner with a heart of gold, the unlikely ultra-runner, and the hidden tribe in Mexico that runs to live.



BORN TO RUN Debate: Author vs. Podiatrist

A podiatrist, urban caveman, professor of evolutionary biology, world record setting masters runner, and author Chris McDougall weigh in on BORN TO RUN and the barefoot running debate.


6. Numerous journal articles and scholarly writing that support a barefoot or minimalist shoe model for injury-free walking or running.

These studies discuss the merits of barefoot walking/running and the injuries commonly associated with the use of conventional footwear.
  • Simon Franklin, et. al. “Barefoot vs. Common Footwear: A Systematic Review of the Kinematic, Kinetic, and Muscle Activity Differences During Walking.” Gait & Posture. September 2015.
  • Adam Richard Kelly. “The Effects of a Foot-Toe Orthosis on Dynamic Balance and Hallux Valgus Angle.” Theses and Dissertations. Paper 161. April 2014.
  • Daniel Perl, Adam Daoud, and Daniel Lieberman. “Effects of Footwear and Strike Type on Running Economy.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. July 2012.
  • Adam Daoud, et. al. “Foot Strike and Injury Rates in Endurance Runners: A Retrospective Study.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. July 2012.
  • Daniel E. Lieberman. “What We Can Learn About Running From Barefoot Running: An Evolutionary Medical Perspective.” Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. April 2012.
  • Najia Shakoor, et. al. “The Effects of Common Footwear on Joint Loading in Osteoarthritis of the Knee.” Arthritis Care & Research. July 2010.
  • Daniel E. Lieberman, et. al. “Foot Strike Patterns and Collision Forces in Habitually Barefoot Versus Shod Runners.” Nature. January 2010.
  • William L. Jungers. “Biomechanics: Barefoot Running Strikes Back.” Nature. January 2010.
  • Kerrigan DC, et. al. “The Effect of Running Shoes on Lower Extremity Joint Torques.” PM&R. December 2009.
  • Dr. Craig Richards, et. al. “Is Your Prescription of Distance Running Shoes Evidence-Based?” British Journal of Sports Medicine. April 2008.
  • Glenn Ingram, Jr., ND and Ray McClanahan, DPM. “Treatment of Plantar Fasciosis.” Naturopathic Doctor News & Review. March 2007.
  • Bertrand Mafart. “Hallux Valgus in a Historical French Population: Paleopathological Study of 605 First Metatarsal Bones.” Joint Bone Spine. March 2007.
  • Najia Shakoor and Joel A. Block. “Walking Barefoot Decreases Loading on the Lower Extremity Joints in Knee Osteoarthritis.” Arthritis & Rheumatism. September 2006.
  • Kerrigan DC, et. al. “Moderate heeled shoes and knee joint torques relevant to the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. May 2005.
  • S.A. Mays. “Paleopathological Study of Hallux Valgus.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology. February 2005.
  • Harvey Lemont, DPM, et. al. “Plantar Fasciitis: A Degenerative Process (Fasciosis) Without Inflammation.” Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association. May 2003.
  • William A. Rossi, DPM. “Children’s Footwear: Launching Site for Adult Foot Ills.” Podiatry Management. October 2002.
  • Michael Warburton. “Barefoot Running.” Sportscience. December 2001.
  • William A. Rossi, DPM. “Fashion and Foot Deformation.” Podiatry Management. October 2001.
  • DC Kerrigan, JL Lelas, and ME Karvosky. “Women’s shoes and knee osteoarthritis.” The Lancet April 2001.
  • William A. Rossi, DPM. “Footwear: The Primary Cause of Foot Disorders.” Podiatry Management. February 2001.
  • Joseph P. Laluya, DO, et. al. “Sports Medicine: Conservative Approach Benefits Athletes with Hallux Valgus.” Biomechanics. May 2000.
  • William A. Rossi, DPM. “Why Shoes Make ‘Normal’ Gait Impossible.” Podiatry Management. March 1999.
  • DC Kerrigan, MK Todd, and RO Riley. “Knee osteoarthritis and high-heeled shoes.” The Lancet. May 1998.
  • Steven Robbins and Edward Waked. “Hazard of Deceptive Advertising of Athletic Footwear.” British Journal of Sports Medicine. 1997.
  • Steven E. Robbins, Gerard J. Gouw, Jacqueline McClaran, and Edward Waked. “Protective Sensation of the Plantar Aspect of the Foot.” Foot & Ankle. Jul-Aug 1993.
  • Udaya Bhaskara Rao and Benjamin Joseph. “The Influence of Footwear on the Prevalence of Flat Foot.” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. July 1992.
  • Steven E. Robbins and Gerard J. Gouw. “Athletic Footwear: Unsafe Due to Perceptual Illusions.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. February 1991.
  • Steven E. Robbins and Gerard J. Gouw. “Athletic Footwear and Chronic Overloading.” Sports Medicine. February 1990.
  • Steven E. Robbins, Gerard J. Gouw, and Adel M. Hanna. “Running-Related Injury Prevention Through Innate Impact-Moderating Behavior.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. April 1989.
  • Steven E. Robbins, Adel M. Hanna, and Gerard J. Gouw. “Overload Protection: Avoidance Response to Heavy Plantar Surface Loading.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. February 1988.
  • Steven E. Robbins and Adel M. Hanna. “Running-Related Injury Prevention Through Barefoot Adaptations.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1987.
  • Tadashi Kato and Showri Watanabe. “The Etiology of Hallux Valgus in Japan.” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. June 1981.
  • Mitsuo Morioka, Toyohiko Miura, and Kikuli Kimura. “Morphological and Functional Changes of Feet and Toes of Japanese Forest Workers.” Journal of Human Ergology. September 1974.
  • Steel F. Stewart. “Footgear -- Its History, Uses and Abuses.” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 1972.
  • Robert Maclennan. “Prevalence of Hallux Valgus in a Neolithic New Guinea Population.” The Lancet. June 1966.
  • I. B. Shine. “Incidence of Hallux Valgus in a Partially Shoe-Wearing Community.” British Medical Journal. June 1965.
  • B. Kalcev. “The Hallux Position in Natives of Madagascar.” East African Medical Journal. February 1963.
  • Lam Sim-Fook and A. R. Hodgson. “A Comparison of Foot Forms Among the Non-Shoe and Shoe-Wearing Chinese Population.” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. October 1958.
  • R. Wheeler Haines and A. McDougall. “Shoe Design and the Great Toe.” The Lancet (Letters to the Editor). January 1954.
  • F. W. Knowles. “Effects of Shoes on Foot Form: An Anatomical Experiment.” The Medical Journal of Australia. April 1953.
  • Samuel B. Shulman. “Survey in China and India of Feet That Have Never Worn Shoes.” The Journal of the National Association of Chiropodists. 1949.
  • Clifford S. James. “Footprints and Feet of Natives of the Solomon Islands.” The Lancet. December 1939.
  • Earl T. Engle and Dudley J. Morton. “Notes on Foot Disorders Among Natives of the Belgian Congo.” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. 1931.
  • Philip Hoffman. “Conclusions Drawn From a Comparative Study of the Feet of Barefooted and Shoe-Wearing Peoples.” The American Journal of Orthopedic Surgery. October 1905.
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